Monday, 6 October 2014

Introduction of Gallbladder Stones (Cholelithiasis)

Posted by iqbal khatri  |  at   18:52 No comments

Gall Bladder Stones

Medically Gallbladder stones are called cholelithiasis. Chole means gall bladder, Lithia means stone, Sis means formation.( Stone formation in gall bladder).

Gall Bladder, Stones & Bile
  • Common and present in 10% of population over 50 years of age.
  • More common in females mostly in multiparous women.
  • 80% of Gallbladder stones are asymptomatic.
  • Symptoms are related to their complications which they cause.
  • Aetiological factors of Gallstone are
  1. Obesity
  2. Drugs
  3. Contraceptive pills
  4. Clofibrate
  5. Haemolytic disorders
  6. Ileal diseases ( Resection, Crohn's disease)
Gall Bladder during open cholecystectomy
Gall Bladder during open cholecystectomy

Types of Gallstones
  1. Pure Cholesterol Stones
  • 10%
  • Often solitary, round & large (>2.5 cm)
  • Radiolucent

Pure Cholesterol Stone
Pure Cholesterol Stone



Solitary Gall Stone in Ultrasound
Solitary Gall Stone in Ultrasound



 2.  Pure Pigment Stones
  • 10%
  • Occur with haemolysis
  • Small, black, irregular & friable
  • Radiolucent

Pure Pigment Stones
Pure Pigment Stones

  3.  Mixed Stones
  • 80%
  • Most common
  • Usually multiple
  • Often faceted
  • Contain calcium, pigment & cholesterole
  • 10% are radiolucent.


Mixed Gall Stones Pic 1
Mixed Gall Stones Pic 1




Mixed Gall Stones Pic 2
Mixed Gall Stones Pic 2




Mixed Gall Stones Pic 3
Mixed Gall Stones Pic 3



Mixed Gall Stones Pic 4
Mixed Gall Stones Pic 4





About the Author

I am a General Surgeon, working at Mirpurkhas city Sindh Province of Pakistan. This blog defines my passion, Various Surgical Diseases are explained in detail. If anyone need any assessment about there discuss topics then contact me through "Contact Page".

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